Deterioration of children’s vision is one of the most common problems among schoolchildren. According to statistics, every third person finishes grade 11 wearing glasses. Why is this happening? How can parents know if their child is losing visual acuity?
Here are some signs to watch out for that may indicate your child has a vision problem:
The first sign that should alarm you is that the child always tries to consider everything from a very close distance: things, pictures, letters, etc. When learning in kindergarten or school begins, you notice that your child bends low to a notebook or album while writing, drawing, and the primer literally reads with his nose. Of course, all this can be just pampering – and here it is important to explain to the child how important correct posture is when reading and writing. But unfortunately. more than likely that your baby is simply not seeing well – maybe he has myopia or other serious eye problems, due to which he can only distinguish something up close.
Bright, but indistinguishable distance
Do a simple test several times: ask your child to name the numbers of buses, trolleybuses or trams traveling in the distance, and read the shop sign from a distance. If your baby cannot cope with this, this is a reason to think seriously and make an appointment with a pediatric ophthalmologist as soon as possible. It is likely that the child’s eyesight has deteriorated, but in the absence of burning, pain in the eyes or discomfort, he simply does not complain about anything.
Incomprehensible signs in a notebook
When it’s time for school or preparatory courses, check your child’s notebooks and albums for more than just how he copes with assignments and what marks or stickers he gets. Take a close look at the letters, if, when writing, they spread out in different directions, slide off the lines, knock out of the fields, or even chaotically scattered across the sheet – it is better to take the baby to an ophthalmologist. This may indicate vision problems such as astigmatism.
You work with your child at home, and everything is fine, but at school he does not understand anything, lags behind the others, and teachers hint at correctional programs? Check your eyesight – maybe your student has myopia, farsightedness, or some other impairment that makes it difficult for him to see what the teacher is writing on the blackboard, what is written in textbooks and workbooks, and cannot really use the teaching aids. Children who began to develop very early, for example, myopia, quite quickly forget what it is like to see the world clearly and clearly. Unlike an adult whose eyesight has begun to deteriorate, a child may not complain, because he simply does not realize what is happening to him.
Oddities with eyes
Take a closer look at the child’s eyes – are they often red? He actively rubs them, as if they got sand? Do you regularly treat stye in your eyes? All of these can be signs of eye disease. Barley, for example, is a consequence of inflammatory processes that develop due to constant eye strain. If you ask a child, and he still complains of a burning sensation, headache, double vision – see a doctor immediately!
A terrible sign of an eye neoplasm
Myopia or astigmatism can be corrected with glasses, but much more serious dangers can lie in wait for the child. Retinoblastoma is the most dangerous of childhood eye diseases. The appearance of a tumor is genetically determined, although the disease may not give itself out for a long time, except for one symptom – during photographing, your child develops a specific glow in one of the pupils. It resembles a cat’s. If you notice this, urgently contact a pediatric ophthalmologist. With retinoblastoma, not a single day should be lost, since it is one of those rare eye diseases that threaten a baby’s life – due to the risk of metastases to the brain and lungs.
It is one of the most dangerous, malignant, rapidly developing cancers. Most often, it is associated with skin lesions, but the eyes are also at risk due to the presence of melanin pigment in the iris, which determines its color. Melanoma develops from melanocytes – pigment cells that produce melanin. If you find that a spot, a dot, any patch of pigmentation that was not there before suddenly appeared in a child’s eye, make an appointment with a doctor as soon as possible. Maybe it’s a harmless speck. Or maybe – the first sign of a dangerous disease. Do not play the lottery – it is better to check everything, and if an illness is detected, start treatment as early as possible. With early diagnosis, the prognosis is very favorable.
What to do?
Most often, eye diseases, both children and adults, are very difficult to detect on their own, unlike, say, caries or problems with the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, one of the most important measures for preserving children’s vision is regular preventive examinations by a children’s ophthalmologist, which he conducts with a dilated pupil. The first such examination should be carried out in the first days of a baby’s life, then at 6 months, then at 1 year. And then – every year. When your child goes to first grade or preparatory school, then schedule an appointment with an ophthalmologist 1-2 months before the start of school. In this case, having discovered a problem with the eyes, the doctor will have time to carry out the treatment, pick up glasses, etc.